Few questions on enzyme/ enzymology/ Biocatalyst
1. Enzymes function to increase the rate of a metabolic reaction by
A. denaturing the substrate.
B. adding energy to the reaction.
C. decreasing the energy of activation.
D. increasing the concentration of the reactants.
2. An enzyme speeds up a chemical reaction by
A. regulating pH.
B. acting as a buffer.
C. preventing denaturation.
D. lowering the energy of activation.
3. The role of an enzyme in a chemical reaction is to
A. emulsify fats.
B. prevent denaturation.
C. speed up the reaction.
D. buffer any acids or bases.
4. Enzymes often
A. absorb fatty acids.
B. help in hydrolysis reactions.
C. serve as a long term source of energy.
D. serve as the structural framework of cell walls.
5. In the cell, enzymes act as
D. emulsifying agents.
6. Enzymes consist of chains of
A. fatty acids.
C. amino acids.
7. Compounds that are needed for enzymes to function properly are
D. heavy metals.
8. A non-protein molecule that aids the action of an enzyme to which it is loosely bound is called a(n) A. initiator.
C. competitive inhibitor.
D. enzyme-substrate complex.
9. The area of an enzyme into which a substrate fits is called the
C. active site.
D. activated complex.
10. The molecule that fits into the enzyme’s active site is the
11. The active site of an enzyme is
A. formed by the substrate.
B. altered by heavy metals.
C. altered by the substrate concentration.
D. destroyed during its reaction with a substrate.
12. High concentrations of thyroxin in the blood will cause metabolic reactions in a cell to
A. speed up.
B. slow down.
C. stop occurring.
D. remain unchanged.
13. Why would drugs like penicillin destroy bacteria but have no effect on human cells?
A. Human enzymes would be denatured by penicillin.
B.Bacterial cells would use penicillin as a coenzyme.
C. Penicillin would fit the active site of bacterial enzymes.
D. Enzymes in human cells would use penicillin to produce excess energy.
14. Thyroxin treatment can be used to stimulate weight loss in some people with an endocrine deficiency. This treatment will
A. cause a loss of appetite.
B. increase the metabolic rate.
C.prevent the conversion of fatty acids to fat.
D. accelerate the conversion of glucose to glycogen.
15. The pituitary gland secretes a hormone into the bloodstream which stimulates the production of thyroxin. In turn, production of thyroxin is inhibited by
A. the effect of thyroxin on the adrenal gland.
B. the effect of thyroxin on the pituitary gland.
C. decreasing the amount of calcium in the diet.
D. increasing the amount of iodine in the blood.
16. The tertiary structure of an enzyme is
A. its helical orientation in space.
B. its three-dimensional, globular shape.
C. the particular sequence of amino acids.
D. the arrangement of several proteins to create a functional unit.
17. A reaction catalyzed by a human enzyme was carried out at 20ºC. If there is an excess of substrate, which of the following would cause the greatest increase in the rate of the reaction?
A. Lowering the temperature to 10ºC.
B. Adding more enzyme and raising the temperature to 30ºC.
C. Adding more substrate and raising the temperature to 30ºC.
D. Adding more enzyme and lowering the temperature to 10ºC.